Uh, oh. The reverberations of Corey Stewart’s failed 2013 Lt. Governor campaign continue. An investigative blog known as the Louisville Courant takes note that the alleged “bagman” in an endorsement for sale scheme involving the 2012 Iowa GOP caucus also received a $10,000 payment from Stewart’s campaign just two days before he received an important endorsement that raised many eyebrows after it was issued. Now the question is being asked whether Corey Stewart paid a bribe to secure that endorsement – something that for everyone’s sakes I hope is not true.
In yet another sign of the growing unity around Ed’s campaign, I’m excited to share with you the news that 65 Republican state legislators have publicly endorsed Ed Gillespie to be our party’s nominee for the United States Senate.
These elected leaders from every corner of the Commonwealth stand with Ed.
Check out the full list:*
Ed always says that a Senator for all Virginians must be a candidate for all Virginians. That starts within our own party. It’s our hope that this list of endorsements shows just how hard Ed is working to earn the support of every single delegate heading to Roanoke.
This list means that over two thirds of the Republicans in the General Assembly support Ed. Combine that with our endorsements from more than half of the voting members of the State Central Committee and over 50 local unit chairmen and you’ll see just how effective Ed has been in uniting Virginia Republicans.
Ed Gillespie for Senate
Earlier this month, Dumfries Mayor Jerry Foreman stunned the town’s residents by announcing that he would not seek reelection in the election being held on May 6. Mayor Foreman had declared for reelection back in November and was actively campaigning until that point. Last week, Mayor Foreman reversed his decision and is back in the race.
After having the opportunity to speak with Mayor Foreman and discussing his initial decision and the change of heart that he has had, I am more convinced than ever that he is the right man to lead the Town of Dumfries.
It is natural for everyone to become frustrated at times and Foreman is no exception. He reached the point where he questioned whether it was worth it to continue on in this post and decided that perhaps he should allow someone else to take over. Once he made that decision, Foreman returned all of the campaign contributions that he had received and thought that he was done.
Within 48 hours of making this decision, Mayor Foreman was inundated with people stopping by, emails, and phone calls all urging him to get back in the race and give residents a choice in the election. He finally relented after one day when he was faced with a constant stream of residents and business owners who came in from 8:30 a.m. until 4:30 p.m. Last week, he announced that he was back in the race to win.
The fact that Foreman was willing to walk away after his term expired says to me that he is the type of person who is in this not for the title or to “be somebody,” but is serving because there are specific things that he wants to accomplish.
The other candidate in the race, Vice Mayor Willie Toney, had a clear shot at the top office in the town after Foreman dropped out. According to Foreman, he watched Toney’s actions after he had left the race to see how Mr. Toney would be as mayor.
In one instance, Foreman says he witnessed Toney yelling at a citizen at a public event. When he got the chance, Foreman pulled Toney aside and told him that he can’t yell at citizens and needs to act mayoral. Mr. Toney is said to have told Foreman that he would, but Foreman then witnessed Toney doing it again at yet another public meeting. It was at this point that Foreman came to have serious concerns about Toney’s temperment to serve as mayor.
These concerns only grew for Foreman after it was reported that Toney had violated Virginia’s governmental sunshine laws by meeting with a majority of the town council at someone’s home as well as attempting to use his position in order to get a ticket thrown out. Mayor Foreman has devoted a page on his campaign website to listing the litany of issues that he has with Vice Mayor Toney’s behavior and trustworthiness.
Even putting aside Mr. Toney’s issues of temperment and behavior, Jerry Foreman’s stands on the issues – particularly his call to eliminate the BPOL tax in order to help grow the town’s economy – make him the right person to continue holding the office of mayor. If you live in the Town of Dumfries, be sure to head to the polls on May 6 and vote to reelect Jerry Foreman.
State Sen. Mark Obenshain has announced his endorsement of Ed Gillespie for U.S. Senate.
The Fairfax Chamber of Commerce endorsed Democrat gubernatorial candidate Terry McAuliffe yesterday.
Birds of a feather.
A new report from George Mason’s Mercatus Center found that Federal government spending accounts for nearly 30 percent of Virginia’s jobs.
“It has only been the government part that has been recession-proof, and the remaining 70 percent or so actually looks similar to the rest of the country in terms of job loss and (worker) disengagement,” said Keith Hall, a Mercatus senior research fellow and co-author of the report, which was released Monday.
Where are the bulk of such jobs located that rely upon this government largesse? Northern Virginia with the vast majority of those in that region situated in . . . Fairfax County.
Unfortunately, the Fairfax County Chamber of Commerce has come to be dominated by crony capitalists. Being a crony capitalist is exactly how Terry McAuliffe made his fortune – trading on political connections and influence, government subsidies, you name it. (Think Global Crossing, GreenTech, etc.) Not only do they understand McAuliffe and therefore would naturally be drawn to supporting him, they don’t see anything wrong with the way that they have come to operate.
For me, I’ll take the Northern Virginia Technology Council any day because, you know, those are people who actually make things consumed and paid for by the private sector.
There has been a lot of to and fro this week over the Northern Virginia Technology Council’s Tech PAC endorsement of Ken Cuccinelli in the governor’s race as well as the behind the scenes machinations to try and rescind or blunt its impact. Apparently, Terry McAuliffe & Friends’ bullying tactics didn’t sit well with members of Tech PAC. Not only did they go forward with the endorsement of Cuccinelli, but they also unloaded lots of juicy details about McAuliffe’s less than stellar interview.
The reasoning behind the NVTC TechPAC’s nod — Cuccinelli had detailed responses to questions in candidate interviews, three board members said, while McAuliffe was uninformed and superficial
. . .
they were shocked at his mishandling of the endorsement process itself — and his misread of the serious and thoughtful approach to the issues that the council was expecting to hear from both candidates.
. . .
Cuccinelli impressed the board’s majority as a serious, detail-oriented candidate while McAuliffe seemed to wing it
. . .
Two people present said that in response to a question about how he’d accomplish his goals as governor, McAuliffe told the PAC board that as an Irish Catholic he’d be adept at taking people out for drinks and doing whatever it takes to get things done.
. . .
On a question about whether Virginia should stay in something called the “open-trade-secrets pact,” Cuccinelli gave a thoroughly researched response, the person said.
But McAuliffe answered, according to the source: “ ‘I don’t know what that is. I’ll have to look it up later.’ And then he turns back to the guy [who asked] and said ‘Well, what do you think we should do?’ And the guy says, ‘We want Virginia to stay in it.’ And then Terry says, ‘Okay, we will.’ ”
Believe it or not, every single one of those things was printed in . . . The Washington Post! String it all together and you get that McAuliffe is nothing but an “uninformed and superficial” drunkard who is winging it.
The following endorsement does not necessarily reflect the views of other contributors here on Virginia Virtucon. I speak only for myself.
I remember meeting Scott Lingamfelter in 2001 at the Prince William County Fair when he was running for delegate the first time. It was a three-way Republican primary and he wasn’t supposed to win. The other two candidates were always mentioned as the favorites, but never Scott.
I knew right away when we first met that he was a man of integrity and principle. My gut told me that if others saw in him what I did, that he would win that primary and that is exactly what happened. Despite being outspent 13 to 1 by one of the candidates, when all the votes were counted, he came out on top with 53% of the vote against his two opponents and shocked the establishment.
I didn’t live in his district, but once he was the nominee it was his bumper sticker that I placed on my car that fall. Scott was supposed to have a difficult time against his Democratic opponent, but he won that race, too, with a commanding 56% of the vote. Democrats have come at him time and again, but he has never fallen below 55% of the vote in a swing district, even in the most difficult of political climates for Republicans.
Scott has the ability to explain to voters why conservative solutions are the best choice for them. He not only persuades, but motivates. He not only wins, but leads.
That is why I am proud to support Scott Lingamfelter for Lt. Governor of Virginia. I have witnessed Scott as a member of the General Assembly these past 12 years and know that what you see is authentic. It is not in his nature to let down conservatives.
He is the kind of plainspoken candidate who can talk to voters and convince them to see things from his point of view. Scott never shies away from his conservatism. Instead, he lets it shine through like a beacon to attract new people to the party who are in search of common sense solutions to the problems of the day we all face.
Just as Scott overcame the long odds against him in 2001, I am convinced that he will once again prevail in this race and help the Republican ticket led by Attorney General Ken Cuccinelli keep Virginia moving in the right direction.
Join me in supporting Scott Lingamfelter for Lt. Governor this Saturday at the Republican Party of Virginia convention in Richmond.
What do Dick Heller and John Taylor have in common? They have all endorsed Delegate Rob Bell for the Republican nomination for Attorney General of Virginia.
Dick Heller is a hero to the 2nd Amendment movement. In the landmark case of District of Columbia v. Heller, the Supreme Court by a 5 to 4 vote held that the Second Amendment protects an individual right to possess a firearm unconnected with service in a militia, and to use that arm for traditionally lawful purposes, such as self-defense within the home.
At issue in the case was a District of Columbia law which banned handgun possession by making it a crime to carry an unregistered firearm and prohibiting the registration of handguns. It provided separately that no person could carry an unlicensed handgun, but authorized the police chief to issue 1-year licenses and required residents to keep lawfully owned firearms unloaded and dissembled or bound by a trigger lock or similar device.
Respondent Heller, a D. C. special policeman, applied to register a handgun he wished to keep at home, but the District refused. He filed the suit seeking, on Second Amendment grounds, to enjoin the city from enforcing the bar on handgun registration, the licensing requirement insofar as it prohibits carrying an unlicensed firearm in the home, and the trigger-lock requirement insofar as it prohibits the use of functional firearms in the home. The District Court dismissed the suit, but the D. C. Circuit reversed, holding that the Second Amendment protects an individual’s right to possess firearms and that the city’s total ban on handguns, as well as its requirement that firearms in the home be kept nonfunctional even when necessary for self-defense, violated that right.
John Taylor is “president of the Virginia Institute for Public Policy, an independent, nonpartisan, education and research organization that develops and promotes public policy consistent with the Virginia tradition of individual liberty, dynamic entrepreneurial capitalism, private property, the rule of law, and constitutionally limited government. He also serves as president of Tertium Quids, a 501(c)4 issue advocacy organization that hosts Virginia’s Tuesday Morning Group, a statewide coalition comprising more than 900 activists who represent more than 260 organizations.
In 1975, John received a B.A. from Wofford College, and subsequently earned an M.B.A. from Georgia State University and a J.D. from the Woodrow Wilson College of Law. A member of the Mont Pelerin Society, he is also a member of the Federalist Society and the Philadelphia Society. John has been the recipient of the Hero of the Taxpayer Award, an annual recognition given by Americans for Tax Reform in Washington, D.C.; and the Eagle Award, an annual award given for profamily, grassroots leadership by the Eagle Forum of St. Louis, Missou.”
Throughout the years, Taylor’s leadership on the issues of taxation, the size of government and the role of government have been well established.
Other endorsers include:
5th Congressional District
Congressman Robert Hurt
Sheriff Chip Harding Honorable Ken Boyd, County Supervisor Honorable Rodney Thomas, County Supervisor
Delegate Christopher Head
Delegate Matt Fariss
Delegate Robert Orrock
Jeff Sili, Republican Committee Chair
Honorable Rick West, City Councilor
Honorable Nancy Parr, Commonwealth’s Attorney
Delegate Roxann Robinson
Delegate Kirk Cox
Honorable C. Scott Davis, Mayor
Delegate Daniel Marshall III
Carla Harris, Republican Committee Chair
Woody Harris, Emporia City Council
Delegate David Albo
Delegate Thomas Rust
Honorable John C. Cook County Supervisor
Honorable John Peterson, Director NOVA SWCD
Honorable Lee Sherbeyn, County Supervisor
Honorable Jeff Haislip, Commonwealth’s Attorney
Debbie Rittenhouse, Republican Committee Chair
Delegate Charles Poindexter
State Senator Bill Carrico
Sheriff Steven Smith
Gary Lowe, Republican Committee Chair
Delegate James Edmunds
Delegate Christopher Peace
Honorable Trip Chalkley, Commonwealth’s Attorney
Sheriff Dave Hines
Honorable Wayne Hazzard, County Supervisor
Former Delegate Frank Hargrove
Honorable Sean Davis, County Supervisor
Delegate John O’Bannon
Former Delegate Bill Janis
Sheriff Mike Wade
Isle of Wight County
Delegate Rick Morris
Bill Coburn, Republican Committee Chair
Delegate Tag Greason
Delegate Joe May
Delegate David Ramadan
State Senator Tom Garrett
Bob Arment, Republican Committee Chair
Delegate Thomas Wright Jr.
Mike Hankins, Republican Committee Chair
Delegate Edward Scott
Honorable George Webb, Commonwealth’s Attorney
William Harvill, Republican Committee Chair
Steven Thomas, Republican Committee Chair
Hazel Call, Hampton Roads Republican Women Chair
Bob Wilson, Businessman and property rights activist
Doug Rogers, Republican Committee Chair
Sheriff Mark Amos
Honorable Diana Wheeler, Commonwealth’s Attorney
Debra Mallory, 1st Vice Chair Tri-City Republican Women
Delegate Donald Merricks Chris Carter
Former Republican Committee Chair
Delegate Gordon Helsel
Jr. Paul Keddell, Republican Committee Chair
Delegate Lee Ware Jr.
Prince George County
Barbara Tabb, Republican Committee Chair
Prince William County
Delegate Richard Anderson
Delegate Jackson Miller
Honorable Peter Candland, County Supervisor
Jerilynn Grigsby, Tuckahoe Republican Women Chair
Delegate Terry Kilgore
Delegate Mark Cole
Delegate Mark Dudenhefer
Delegate William Howell, Speaker, House of Delegates
Delegate James W. Morefield
Delegate Salvatore Iaquinto
Delegate Barry Knight
Delegate Harry Purkey
Delegate Christopher Stolle
Delegate Ronald Villanueva
Honorable Patrick Salyer, School Board Member
Delegate Israel O’Quinn
Delegate Margaret Ransone
On the page before today’s WashPo editorial claiming that Mitt Romney’s campaign is an insult to voters (seriously), their ombudsman addressed readers’ complaints about their endorsements being more left than right of center.
The Post began regularly endorsing candidates for president in 1976, with Jimmy Carter. The Post editorial board hasn’t endorsed a Republican for the Oval Office since, although The Post did sit out the 1988 election between George H.W. Bush and Michael Dukakis, not endorsing either man.
My assistant and I reviewed Post endorsements going back to 1976 and found that in the vast majority of elections — federal, state, or local — The Post generally endorses Democrats.
. . .
The Post has endorsed no Republican for governor in Virginia going back as far as 1977.
Yet the ombudsman hangs his hat on a handful of GOP squish endorsements and backing GOPers in inconsequential races to refute the charges the paper has become nothing more than the print arm of the Democratic Party. Sorry, that dog doesn’t hunt. It is especially telling that on the Sunday before Election Day their editorial is aimed at Romney with such an insane headline rather than making the case for another four years for their chosen candidate based upon either his past performance or his detailed plans for the future. Since the mighty have fallen so far, we are unveiling here the new official logo for the Washington Post.
The New York Daily News — NOT the NY Post — the DAILY NEWS has endorsed Mitt Romney for President.
Obama is set to disappoint the last people in America that he hasn’t already disappointed this Tuesday night.
New Hampshire Union Leader: “Romney Offers A Better Way, A Realistic Way, To Restore American Prosperity.” (Editorial, “Why Mitt? Reality Over Fantasy,” New Hampshire Union Leader, 10/21/12)
Tampa Tribune: “Romney Would Come To Office Ready To Put The Country On The Course To More Freedom And Prosperity.” (Editorial, “Mitt Romney For President,”Tampa Tribune, 10/21/12)
The Columbus Dispatch: “Voters Should Place Their Hopes For Change In Experience, By Electing Romney.” (Editorial, “For President,” The Columbus Dispatch, 10/21/12)
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review: “Mitt Romney Offers A Seasoned, Strategic And Mature Public Policy Mind So Sorely Needed In The White House And So Necessary To Enable Our Great Nation And Its People To Excel.”(Editorial, “Mitt Romney For President,” Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, 10/21/12)
The Arizona Republic: “The Nation’s Economy Now Is In Desperate Need Of The Kind Of Jobs-Creating Animal Spirits That President Romney Would Encourage.”(Editorial, “Romney Can Lead Economy Forward,” The Arizona Republic, 10/21/12)
Fort Worth Star-Telegram: “[Mitt Romney] Is Highly Qualified, Both By Business Experience And Public Service.” (Editorial, “Mitt Romney: New Leadership For More Economic Growth,” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, 10/21/12)
Lowell Sun: “Romney Has Faced Economic Challenges At Key Points In His Professional And Political Careers And Has Always Seemed To Grow In The Job To Deliver Greater Expectations Than When He Went In.” (Editorial, “Romney For President,” Lowell [MA] Sun, 10/21/12)
Galveston Daily News: “It Is Clear Romney Is Better Positioned To Get The Economy Moving In The Right Direction Again.” (Editorial, “Romney For President,” Galveston Daily News, 10/21/12)
George Allen received the endorsement of the Richmond Times-Dispatch, ranking Allen “among Virginia’s most consequential chief executives in modern times” and stating: “Allen would start from a stronger position… An Obama administration returned to power would make it increasingly difficult for Kaine to demonstrate independence. His tenure at the DNC emphasized his partisan ties… We recommend Allen’s election without reservation. His votes as a senator would more accurately reflect Virginia’s preferences.”
Former Chrysler CEO Lee Iacocca has endorsed Mitt Romney for President.
It doesn’t appear that Iacocca – who has described himself as an independent – endorsed a candidate four years ago, but eight years ago he endorsed Democratic U.S. Sen. John Kerry over sitting Republican President George W. Bush, even though Iacocca endorsed Bush and even campaigned for him in 2000.
So much for the President’s argument that he deserves credit for the 2009 auto bailout and is best positioned to help the industry moving forward. Iacocca is still a revered name in Michigan and Ohio with large segments of the auto industry, especially now-retired auto workers. This endorsement is similar to the one made by Ross Perot earlier this week in that it is not necessarily intended to move large numbers of voters in itself, but is part of a bigger picture being painted of Romney being the leader we need now.
Two-time independent presidential candidate Ross Perot has endorsed Mitt Romney for President.
Our country faces a momentous choice. The fact is the United States is on an unsustainable course. At stake is nothing less than our position in the world, our standard of living at home and our constitutional freedoms.
That is why I am endorsing Mitt Romney for president. We can’t afford four more years in which debt mushrooms out of control, our government grows and our military is weakened.
For the past four years, we have squandered one opportunity after the next to turn things around. The longer we delay acting, the steeper the price we will have to pay.
You can read the rest here.
It is telling that he chose the Des Moines Register for his endorsement op-ed as it is a key swing state. With those who still are undecided predominantly describing themselves as independents and moderates, Perot weighing in should provide a significant boost to Romney among them.
I think that this answers that question…
George Allen Receives U.S. Chamber of Commerce Endorsement
McLean, VA – Today, George Allen received the official endorsement of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce for the Virginia U.S. Senate race. The announcement was made at a press conference this morning held at Fairfax County’s Pavilions of Turkey Run sponsored by J.R.’s Goodtimes, Inc, a collaboration of small hospitality businesses owned by U.S. Chamber Board of Directors Member Jim Wordsworth. Mr. Wordsworth is also Chairman of the Small Business Council of the U.S. Chamber, which is responsible for policy and legislation matters for U.S. small businesses.
“I’m honored to have earned the very meaningful endorsement of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce,” said George Allen. “As Susan and I have traveled throughout Virginia, we’ve listened to the concerns of hardworking small business owners worried about a government that taxes without listening and regulates without understanding. We stand shoulder to shoulder with Virginia job creators who need lower taxes, reasonable regulations, and more affordable energy and health care to be able to grow and hire again. I share the U.S. Chamber’s commitment to a less intrusive federal government to help American businesses have the freedom and opportunity to compete and succeed. We need to send a message to the world that ‘America is Open for Business Again.’”
The U.S. Chamber cited George Allen’s record of supporting pro-business issues as a key factor in earning this endorsement.
George Allen’s economic solutions are featured in his Blueprint for America’s Comeback, a pro-jobs growth plan of action to reinvigorate the entrepreneurial spirit of our country. George Allen supports a more fair, simple and competitive tax code that reduces the tax on job-creators from 35 percent to 20 percent. His plan also includes reining in regulations by requiring an economic impact analysis of any regulation costing more than $100 Million a year. And George Allen champions unleashing our energy resources from our coalfields to our coast to power our economy with more affordable and reliable American energy.
“As a small business owner, I know what it’s like to make tough decisions, and I understand the devastating impact burdensome regulations can have on companies and their employees’ livelihoods,” said Jim Wordsworth, owner of J.R.’s Goodtimes. “As a Virginian, I’ve seen the difference in philosophy of what it takes to maintain a healthy economy – an ‘Open for Business’ mentality versus a ‘Government is the Answer’ approach. George Allen and his ‘Open for Business’ motto has it right. I’m proud to support George Allen as the candidate with a proven record of job creation as Governor and Senator.”
In the U.S. Chamber’s endorsement notification, President and CEO Tom Donohue writes, “We believe that George Allen’s election to the U.S. Senate will help produce sustained economic growth, help create more jobs, and get our country back on track.”
The U.S. Chamber of Commerce is the world’s largest business federation representing the interests of more than 3 million businesses of all sizes and sectors throughout America.
Here’s an interesting factoid from yesterday’s Dumfries mayoral election with regard to the candidates’ endorsements….
Gerald “Jerry” Foreman: Endorsed by Dumfries Council Lady Kristin Forrester + Virginia Virtucon = 57% (Mayor-elect)
Nancy West: Endorsed by Potomac Supervisor Maureen Caddigan (R) + state Sen. Linda “Toddy” Puller (D) = 42% (interim-Mayor defeated)
I’m just sayin’….
You can draw your own conclusions….
Newt Gingrich will suspend his campaign on Tuesday in an announcement in the Washington, D.C., area, multiple sources close to the campaign confirmed to POLITICO.
It is “highly likely” that Gingrich will endorse Mitt Romney at that time, the sources also confirmed.
Fellow Virginia blogger Ben Tribbett of Not Larry Sabato fame is running to be Democratic National Committeeman from Virginia. Virginia Virtucon is proud to announce its cross-party endorsement of Ben for whatever it is he is currently running for because he represents the ideals of the Democrat Party better than any living American.
From calling African-American Del. Charniele Herring (D) a “beast” to referring to female candidates or office-holders as a “bitch” to antics that make light of child sexual abuse,Ben presents us with an unvarnished look at the Democrat Party as it truly is and for that very reason we support his candidacy to represent Virginia on the DNC.
I have confirmed from an election official that it is possible to cast an under vote on March 6th.
The sample ballots that the Officers have – and are posted on the wall – will show you most of the screen shots that are important in this discussion. After you finalize the vote (or not) for the offices, the next screen has a box in the upper left corner that shows all of the ballot choices and the choices made. In the case of an under vote, there will be a bright red display that says something to the effect that you didn’t make a choice in this race…. There are two buttons at the bottom: one to go back and one to move forward. If you chose the one to move forward, then the voter sees a screen that notifies him again that the ballot is incomplete. There are two buttons, one forward and one back. If the voter selects the forward going button, then there is the big yellow button that says “Cast Vote.”
So, on March 6th, go to the polls to show your support for the Republican Party, but if you are unhappy with your choices of Mitt Romney and Ron Paul, register your displeasure and UNDER VOTE!
Bob McDonnell has endorsed Mitt Romney for President. I’ve been waiting for this to happen ever since the lawsuit seeking to add more candidates to the March 6th GOP Primary ballot failed. This should come as no surprise given a few factors:
a.) Only Romney and Ron Paul are on the VA ballot and McDonnell was never going to endorse Paul.
b.) McDonnell has always said he prefers a governor to be our nominee and the only other governor in the race just dropped out yesterday.
c.) By endorsing the day before the SC Primary, McDonnell gets points with the Romney camp for doing so, but none of the blame if Romney loses the state since the endorsement comes less than 24 hours before voting begins — plus it isn’t even his state. If Romney loses, SC Gov. Nikki Haley will (undeservingly) get the blame.
I don’t begrudge Gov. McDonnell this endorsement and in fact think that he has played this entire thing very smart. Will it land him as Romney’s VP nominee if Romney gets the nod? Only time will tell.
The only downside now is if Romney loses the VA Primary to Ron Paul, which as I’ve previously discussed is a very real possibility given our lack of party registration, no competing primary being held that same day, the fervency of Paul’s supporters and the lack of enthusiasm that roughly 2/3 to 3/4 of the GOP grassroots have for Romney.
Mitt Romney = John McCain 2.0 (a.k.a. Bob Dole 3.0, a.k.a. Bush 41 4.0)